Did you know? Facts about food allergies in the U.S.
Fact 1: In children, hospital discharges with a diagnosis related to food allergy increased from about 2,000 to 10,000 per year from 2004 to 2006, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (CDC)
Fact 2: The most common food allergens are egg, milk, peanut, tree nuts, wheat, crustacean shellfish, and soy.
Fact 3: Children are likely to outgrow allergies to milk, egg, wheat, and soy, but NOT allergies to peanut and tree nuts. Allergies that begin in adulthood are likely to persist.
Fact 4: The severity of a food-induced allergic reaction cannot be accurately predicted by the severity of past reactions. Patients who have had a mild food allergic reaction may have an anaphylactic reaction after another exposure to the allergen.
Fact 5: Epinephrine is the only first-line treatment for anaphylaxis. There is no substitute for epinephrine and all other treatments (including antihistamines) are adjunctive (add on).
These facts are from the 2010 NIAID “Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in the U.S.” This report can be read in its entirety at : http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/foodallergy/clinical/Pages/default.aspx
Epinephrine is available for self-injection by EpiPen (http://www.epipen.com/ ) or Auvi-Q (http://www.auvi-q.com/). They are indicated for patients at risk for anaphylaxis (systemic allergic reaction) and those with a history of having had anaphylaxis. The dose is based on weight and there are 2 available doses (<66 lbs and > 66 lbs.). The technique is slightly different for each device and practice is suggested.
At Family Allergy & Asthma Care of Montana, we are Anaphylaxis Community Experts (ACE) and aim to provide the most comprehensive evaluation and up-to-date treatment for food allergies. Our team will provide anaphylaxis information and presentation to your school, church, Scouting or community group at no cost to you. For additional information on ACE programs or a team in your area, go to: http://www.aanma.org/2010/12/find-an-anaphylaxis-community-expert-ace/
This information is solely for informational purposes and not intended as a substitute for consultation with a medical professional.